Hundreds of Iraqis flee militants’ advance

Hundreds of Iraqi men, women and children are fleeing their homes, fearing clashes, kidnapping and rape after Islamic militants seized swathes of northern Iraq.

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About half a million people have fled their homes since Monday, according to a UN estimate.

Fighters of al-Qaeda breakaway group the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, also known as ISIS, seized the northern city of Mosul in a stunning assault on Monday.

Since then, the militants have moved southward towards the capital, Baghdad, in the biggest crisis to face Iraq in years.

“Masked men came to our house and they threatened us: ‘We will get to you.’ So we fled,” said Abed, a labourer who abandoned his home on the edge of Mosul.

“They kidnapped other people. They took away some people for interrogation.”

He said rumours were spreading that ISIS fighters – as well as masked bandits taking advantage of the chaos – were seizing young women for rape or forced marriage.

Many of the displaced said they were on the move because they feared retribution by Iraq’s military – underscoring the grave sectarian tensions that have allowed the ISIS fighters, who are Sunni extremists, to conquer so fast and deeply.

Mosul, Iraq’s second-largest city, is mostly Sunni, and many residents have long complained of discrimination and mistreatment by the Shi’ite-dominated central government.

“We were worried the struggle would get bigger, that Maliki’s army would shell us,” said a middle-aged Sunni woman, referring to the country’s Shi’ite prime minister, Nouri al-Maliki.

“Whoever will rule us – let them rule us,” said her husband Talal Ahmad, 62. “We just want our children to be safe.”

In Kalak, Kurdish forces took possession of at least a dozen Iraqi military vehicles abandoned by soldiers as they fled their posts ahead of the advancing ISIS fighters.

One fleeing Iraqi soldier said he was ordered by his officer to abandon his post even before ISIS fighters reached the area.

“We didn’t even raise our weapons,” said 38-year-old Shaker Karam. “We didn’t even see a terrorist.”

UN children’s agency UNICEF said thousands of displaced, particularly children, were sheltering in schools, hospitals and mosques outside Mosul, many without adequate water, sanitation or shelter. The Red Cross said it had distributed food and relief to 8000 people near Mosul.

Many fled with little more than the clothing on their backs and, arriving without money, said they would have to rely on donations.

Talal Ahmad’s family of 12 was sleeping in the back of a pick-up truck that was lined with thin mattresses.

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Fake flower delivery robber gets two years

An armed robber who posed as a flower delivery man before tying up two sisters and ransacking their home has been sentenced to at least two years in jail.

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Kyrillos Ghaly was an active member of his Coptic Christian community in Sydney and a model student when he graduated from high school in 2005.

But after relocating to Adelaide to study dentistry his life went into a downward spiral, Judge Anthony Blackmore told Sydney’s District Court on Friday.

He moved into a share house where his flatmates were taking drugs, dropped out of university and accumulated debts with loan sharks.

Then in November 2012, Ghaly armed himself with knives and broke into a home in Sylvania Waters in Sydney’s south and another in Minchinbury in the city’s west.

At Minchinbury, the court heard Ghaly posed as a ‘Roses Only’ flower delivery man, telling the two sisters that the blooms were for “finishing your HSC”.

Once inside, he tied the two girls up and stole jewellery and cash from their home, before saying “All right, it’s been fun”, as he left.

At the Sylvania robbery, the court heard Ghaly held a knife to his victim’s neck, telling him: “If you speak out of turn I will slit your throat”.

He later turned to the man and said: “I’m sorry for what I have put you through, I wish we could have met under better circumstances”.

Judge Blackmore said the robberies had clearly been terrifying for the victims and involved a degree of planning by Ghaly.

He said the 27-year-old had since undergone extensive rehabilitation, had entered an early guilty plea and was clearly contrite for what he had done.

Ghaly, who is now studying physiotherapy, previously told the court that he was on drugs at the time of the offences.

Judge Blackmore sentenced him to a maximum of four years for two counts of armed robbery and one count of break and enter.

Taking into consideration time served, he is eligible for parole in July 2015.

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Where did Friday the 13th come from? (And where is it going?)

Friggatriskaidekaphobia is the fear of Friday the 13th, and combined with the full moon tonight anyone suffering this niche phobia will likely face compounded trauma.

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Fortunately, the internet is here to help. No matter how obscure an interest, belief or phobia, the digital recesses of the web are likely to provide solace, and the The Friggatriskaidekaphobia Treatment Centre is drolly demonstrative of this phenomenon.

Friday the 13th is widely considered an unlucky day in Western folklore. The idea of such superstition seems like a relic from ancient mythology; an irrational belief borne of ignorance in a time when gods were trusted to provide answers to the universe. Despite years of scientific and technological advancement and the evolution of human culture, superstition lives on in the digital age – it may even be resurgent, thanks to the internet.

With increased connectivity and digital communication allowing faster and ever more transactions – both economic and interpersonal – superstitions have the potential to accelerate and influence ever larger swathes of the population.

An early example of thirteen signalling bad luck is found in Norse legend, when mischievous Loki arrives as the thirteenth dinner guest at Valhalla, and ultimately causes the death of the god Baldur. This event is echoed in Christianity’s Last Supper, with Jesus and his twelve apostles making up the unlucky thirteen.

Yet widespread superstition around Friday the 13th being unlucky has only been commonplace since the early twentieth century. The 1907 publication of Thomas W Lawson’s novel Friday the Thirteenth has been isolated as a catalyst that combined the portentous nature of thirteen with the historically unlucky day of the week Friday in the popular imagination.

The novel tells the story of an unscrupulous stockbroker using superstition to cause panic on Wall Street on the inauspicious date. A fitting start to the Friday the 13th myth, considering that the condition of financial markets depend in large part on superstition and emotion, or as economist John Maynard Keynes called it, ‘animal spirits’.

Keynes coined ‘animal spirits’ to describe the instincts, appetites and feelings that guide human behaviour around economic transactions, with superstition playing a substantial role. Superstitions often arise due to a lack of control, and money markets are a good example despite economics being regarded as one of the more rational disciplines.

With increased connectivity and digital communication allowing faster and ever more transactions – both economic and interpersonal – superstitions have the potential to accelerate and influence ever larger swathes of the population.

Digital communication has caused superstition to grow rather than retreat in our scientific, technological age. The intangible nature of the web means that our everyday communications now exist in a space between the physical and the ethereal. This space is allowing more room for both fantasy and delusion.

But is the growing feeling of lack of control – of ceding power to technology – making us more paranoid with good reason? We used to scoff at conspiracy theorists who claimed that the government is watching everything we do, but the Snowden revelations proved them right.

Widespread surveillance might be the fantasy proved very real, but there is inherent danger in indulging all manner of paranoia. Sociologist Gerald Bronner warns that the internet is an “incubator of contemporary mythologies”, saying that ease of access allows people with fringe beliefs to congregate and disseminate misinformation at an accelerated rate.

This phenomenon is giving rise to a trend of asserting belief in facts rather than merely accepting them as read. “I believe in global warming” or “I believe in immunisation” are common utterances, as if the actuality of the earth heating up or modern medicine preventing the spread of disease were fabulous stories that one can choose to believe. This proves problematic when the flipside is considered – that one can also choose not to.

Modern mythmaking is on the ascent. Instability and lack of control has always driven superstition – ~feelings~ as it would be termed on social media – and the continuing anxiety around Friday the 13th is merely one example. As anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss observed, superstition has been so prevalent throughout disparate human cultures that “we should ask ourselves if we are not confronted with a permanent and universal form of thought”.

How else to explain ever-emerging mythology like The Slender Man or Smile Dog, which incorporate tech elements combined with superstitious beliefs and horrors. Facilitated by digital subcultures congregating on forums like 4chan, Reddit and Creepypasta, the internet is our new collective nightmare.

Yet the internet has the power to dispel superstitions as well as encourage them. Black cats were once regarded as unlucky, particularly if one happened to cross your path. Yet with the advent of the internet of cute animal photos, black cats cross our digital paths every day with not a hint of superstitious distress. Friggatriskaidekaphobia sufferers too now have hope that their superstitious anxiety can be cured with the help of the internet, freeing them to focus on more logical paranoia, like scopophobia – the fear of surveillance.

Anne Treasure works in communications, is a recent survivor of the book industry, and exists mainly on the internet.

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Perez plays down Ronaldo spat amid revenue surge

Perez, who has splashed hundreds of millions of euros of the European champions’ cash on top players in recent years, said the loyalty of Ronaldo, the current World Player of the Year, had been “unquestionable”.

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The Portugal captain made headlines on Monday when he said the club’s transfer dealings in the latest window would probably have been different if he had been in charge.

After winning a record-extending 10th European crown last season, when dressing-room heavyweight Ronaldo was the team’s top scorer, Real sold midfielders Xabi Alonso and Angel Di Maria and brought in Toni Kroos and James Rodriguez.

The departure of Alonso to Bayern Munich, in particular, has prompted suggestions the Madrid club will not have enough quality and experience in midfield without him, while Argentine Di Maria is seen as close to Ronaldo.

“I have no doubt that he (Ronaldo) did not want to question the club’s policies,” Perez told a news conference announcing 2013-14 income of a record 603.9 million euros, a 10.9 percent jump compared with the previous season.

“He has just presented me with a replica of his ‘Ballon d’Or’ award, an exemplary player,” the construction magnate added. “There are no disagreements, zero.”

Real stuttered in their second La Liga outing at the weekend when they let slip a 2-0 lead and crashed to a 4-2 reverse at Real Sociedad.

Ronaldo, 29, missed the game through injury and he followed up his comments on Monday by giving an interview to a British newspaper in which he appeared to suggest he wanted to return to former club Manchester United at some point in his career.

Perez, who pushed through a lucrative contract extension for Ronaldo in September last year that ties him to the club until 2018, defended Real’s decision to sell Alonso and Di Maria.

DIFFERENT EXPECTATIONS

“His (Di Maria’s) reason … was that he had financial demands that we could not meet,” Perez told reporters.

“Real Madrid made him the best possible offer … but he had different expectations.

“No player in the team has that kind of salary, only Ronaldo, who is the best player in the world.

“If we had accepted … it would have put the club’s financial stability in danger.”

Perez said he had a “very good relationship” with Alonso, who will turn 33 in November, and the player had asked to leave.

“He believes the best way to organise his remaining years of professional life is what he has chosen, both for him and for the club.”

Alonso’s position controlling play in midfield was well covered by Kroos and Asier Illarramendi, he added.

Real’s latest financial figures also showed a post-tax profit of 38.5 million euros, up 4.4 percent on a year earlier, and a drop in net debt of 21 percent to 71.5 million.

The performance suggests they will top Deloitte’s ranking of the world’s richest club’s by income for a 10th consecutive year when the business services firm publishes its updated list early next year.

(1 US dollar = 0.7715 euro)

(Writing by Iain Rogers, editing by Justin Palmer)

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Mercedes play down suggestion of line-up change

The Austrian was clarifying comments made in a BBC radio interview when asked what might happen if the pairing of championship leader Nico Rosberg and Lewis Hamilton proved too hot to handle.

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The two team mates and Mercedes are the talk of Formula One after Rosberg, who leads Hamilton by 29 points with seven races remaining, hit Hamilton’s car at the Belgian Grand Prix two weeks ago.

Speaking at the Italian Grand Prix, Wolff said the context was “what would happen if we could not get on top of the situation.

“We are very happy with the line-up of the two drivers and we’ve always said that. We trust them and we had a very good discussion with the two of them, a very clear discussion,” he added.

“My statements were about what would happen if we couldn’t get on top of it and this is something obviously which is a very, very worst case vision and I don’t think that we were ever going to get there.”

Speaking to the BBC earlier in the week, Wolff had said that “We would have to take decisions and take the consequences of having a different line-up” if the pair continued to clash.

A study by London City University’s Cass Business School revealed this week that having “two top drivers competing in the same team had a detrimental effect on their individual performance”.

After looking at all races between 1981 and 2010, the authors declared that “putting two roosters in the same henhouse” only eroded the individual performance of team members.

In 2007, Ferrari’s Kimi Raikkonen won the title after McLaren refused to favour Fernando Alonso over Hamilton and ended up with both drivers level on points and the Finn one ahead.

Australian Daniel Ricciardo has won the last two races for Red Bull, his triumph at Spa coming against the odds after Mercedes had started with both their drivers on the front row and expected to finish one-two.

Ricciardo is now 35 points adrift of Hamilton and third overall, with an outside possibility of snatching the title from under the noses of the Mercedes drivers.

“It’s obviously going to take probably more than just winning the next seven races. It’s going to have to take a bit of luck as well,” Ricciardo told reporters at Monza.

“I’m more than two wins behind Nico so if I come out and win two and he DNFs (does not finish), he’s still leading. So we’ll see. Obviously there’s more talk about it now but to be honest I’m not really thinking about it.”

(Editing by Rex Gowar)

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Hamilton suffers electrical gremlins at Monza

The Briton, who retired from the race in Belgium 12 days ago after team mate and championship leader Nico Rosberg hit the back of his car, missed an hour of the afternoon running as mechanics replaced sensors on his car.

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Hamilton was still fastest overall on the day, with a best time of one minute, 26.187 seconds set before lunch. Rosberg was top of the afternoon timesheets with a best of 1:26.225, just ahead of his team mate.

“Hopefully I’ll be able to have the full session tomorrow and get some good running,” said Hamilton, who has had more than his share of mechanical problems this season while Rosberg has motored on.

“Monza is quite an important circuit to put the car at the front as it’s very difficult to overtake here. It would be great to have a trouble-free qualifying tomorrow.”

Jenson Button, Hamilton’s former team mate at McLaren, was second fastest in the morning in 1:26.810 with Rosberg – who has never been on the Monza podium – pushed back to third in 1:26.995.

Hamilton is 29 points behind Rosberg in the championship with seven races remaining and is determined to claw his way back against his German rival, who was punished by the team for the Spa collision.

“I didn’t feel 100 percent confident in the car, so I can’t be happy with today and I have a lot of work to do tonight with the boys,” said Rosberg.

Ferrari’s Fernando Alonso was fourth fastest in both sessions at the fastest circuit on the calendar, with team mate Kimi Raikkonen third in the afternoon.

“That was a very busy day, but a positive one. We made the most of every minute available to us in both sessions,” said Raikkonen, who has never won Ferrari’s home race.

Williams’ Valtteri Bottas was fifth in the second practice after a quiet morning and Button was sixth for McLaren, who last won a race in 2012.

Red Bull’s quadruple world champion Sebastian Vettel, last year’s winner at the ‘cathedral’ of Italian motorsport, was sixth and seventh while Australian team mate Daniel Ricciardo was 16th and 10th.

Ricciardo, as good as Italian to many of the home fans and chasing his third win in a row, was sidelined for some of the first session with a power unit problem.

“Obviously we want to be a bit further up, but I think we can chip away at it tomorrow, the Mercedes will be quick, but if we can sneak into the top five in qualifying then we’ll have a good crack at the race,” said Ricciardo.

“Getting temperature into the tyres is tricky, especially for the first timed lap.”

At the slow end of the field, Spanish driver Roberto Merhi made his debut appearance at a Formula One weekend and lapped faster than regular race driver Marcus Ericsson in the other Caterham.

Merhi handed the car back to Japanese Kamui Kobayashi, returning after being dropped by the team for Spa, for the afternoon and rest of the weekend.

Spanish reserve driver Daniel Juncadella also had a stint with Force India while Frenchman Charles Pic was handed compatriot Romain Grosjean’s Lotus for the session.

(Editing by Peter Rutherford, Pritha Sarkar and Toby Davis)

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Root spares England’s blushes in consolation victory

Root’s well-judged 113 from 108 balls on his home ground, his highest ODI score, lifted England to 294 for seven off their 50 overs.

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Captain Alastair Cook chipped in with 46 and Jos Buttler fell for a breezy 49 after being run out by Mahendra Singh Dhoni.

Ravindra Jadeja played well to score a valiant 87 as India stuttered and stumbled during their run chase and were eventually all out for 253 with eight balls remaining.

“Joe Root played fantastically well. He went on and a couple of other guys supported him. That’s what we’ve been trying to do. We’ve got a lot of 20s and 30s in this series and when one of our guys went on and scored a century, we showed we’ve got a bowling attack to defend it,” Cook said at the presentation ceremony.

Man-of-the-match Root, who smashed 10 fours and three sixes, put on 108 runs with Buttler before Dhoni knocked off the bails to break the fifth-wicket partnership after Buttler set off for a non-existent run.

Mohammed Shami ended Root’s entertaining innings in the 46th over when the right-hander flicked the ball straight to Ravichandran Ashwin.

India’s hopes of completing a 4-0 rout got off to a rocky start when they lost Edgbaston centurion Ajinkya Rahane for a duck after he nonchalantly sliced a James Anderson delivery into the hands of Eoin Morgan in the first over.

SOFT DISMISSALS

From then on the visitors struggled to build momentum and they lost wickets at regular intervals, leaving all-rounder Jadeja frustrated as his swashbuckling knock of 87 off 68 balls turned out to be in vain.

The left-hander was last man out, clean bowled by Steven Finn in the penultimate over as he tried to score runs quickly in a bid to reach three figures in an international for the first time.

“We gave away too many wickets. There were quite a few soft dismissals and we were not able to score the number of runs we were supposed to. We are capable of getting 90-100 in the last 10 overs, but soft dismissals let us down,” Dhoni said.

Despite the defeat, India will be buoyed by their 50-overs performances in England as they look to fine-tune their game before beginning the defence of their World Cup title in February.

England, however, face an uphill task if they are to get their hands on the 50-overs World Cup, a trophy they have never won.

They have won only one series against another test-playing nation since 2012 and have lost their last four at home.

Their consolation victory has done little to paper over the cracks that run deep in England’s approach to the limited-overs format which some former players have labelled as old-fashioned and out of date.

“We know what we can do and it’s been really frustrating for the last few games that we’ve not been able to do it. One good game in four isn’t good enough,” Cook, who many pundits believe should step down as ODI captain because he is ill-equipped to prosper as a batsman in the limited-overs game, told the BBC.

“We now have a massive chunk of one-day cricket where we can concentrate on improving as players. The last time we had a focus like this we got to the Champions Trophy final (in 2013). The World Cup preparation will be perfect and hopefully we can all improve.”

(Writing by Pritha Sarkar in London, editing by Ed Osmond)

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F1 is dead? Protest banner provides a talking point

“Ugly new circuits, ugly cars, no engine sound.

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F1 is dead,” it declared.

The protest, handwritten in blue and red ink on a white sheet, was still there long after practice for the Italian Grand Prix had finished and the fans gone home.

The irony of someone buying an expensive ticket, at one of Formula One’s oldest and most atmospheric racetracks, in order to declare a lack of interest was not lost on those in the garages opposite.

“I don’t think that one banner sums up the overall opinion about Formula One,” said Ferrari principal Marco Mattiacci, while others made light of it.

“Whose garage was it opposite? McLaren?,” joked Red Bull’s Christian Horner.

“I think I recognise people from Formula E (the new electric series starting next week) putting that banner there,” laughed Lotus deputy principal Federico Gastaldi. “This is a fantastic race, it’s history. Come on.”

“It seems a very strange place to talk about ugly circuits,” agreed Marussia’s John Booth. “One of the most iconic circuits we go to.”

If there is one place on the Formula One calendar where the true, original spirit of the sport lives on, then Monza would be high on most people’s lists along with Spa, Silverstone and Monaco.

The old banking, disused since the 1960s when the track featured in the climax of the 1966 John Frankenheimer directed movie ‘Grand Prix’ with the late James Garner and a cast of drivers of that era, remains a place of pilgrimage for many.

The Ferrari ‘tifosi’ still swarm through the turnstiles, trudging through the wooded park outside Milan and flooding the finish straight after the race in a red tidal wave of national passion.

And the racing this season has, by general consent, been thrilling with Mercedes team mates Lewis Hamilton and Nico Rosberg in a duel for the title.

Yet the banner reflected the feelings of those followers who feel the sport, with its new and quieter V6 turbo hybrid engines and energy recovery systems and races in ever more exotic locations, no longer excites.

Ferrari are not winning as before either, with the glory days of Michael Schumacher a distant memory, and the sport struggles to make the front pages of even Italy’s soccer-obsessed Gazzetta dello Sport daily.

Former Renault team boss Flavio Briatore articulated some sympathy with unhappy fans when he visited the circuit as a guest of F1 supremo Bernie Ecclestone, himself a vocal critic of the new engines.

“It is a new F1. Maybe it is better, but a lot of people don’t understand. It is as simple as that,” he said.

(Editing by Ed Osmond)

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Coach class as legends hit Open limelight

If Boris Becker and Goran Ivanisevic have done their jobs properly, then Monday’s US Open final will be between Novak Djokovic and Marin Cilic.

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Becker and Ivanisevic may not be playing tennis anymore but they are having an impact in New York as two of the weekend’s four-strong celebrity coaching brigade.

Becker works with world number one Djokovic, former Wimbledon winner Ivanisevic is in Cilic’s corner, Stefan Edberg is the power behind Roger Federer while the US Open’s fourth semi-finalist, Kei Nishikori, hired 1989 French Open champion Michael Chang.

If their own playing head-to-head records were duplicated in Saturday’s semi-finals, then Djokovic and Cilic would come out on top – Becker enjoyed a record of 5-1 against Chang, while Ivanisevic was 10-9 against Edberg.

However, Federer won’t be influenced by such history after Edberg, a back-to-back US Open winner in 1991 and 1992 and a six-time major champion, engineered the Swiss star’s stunning fightback from two match points down in his five-set quarter-final win over Gael Monfils.

“I started to serve and volley some more as the match went on,” said Federer, who takes a 5-0 career lead over Cilic into his semi-final.

“I’m happy I’m spending some time at the net, because that’s going to keep giving me confidence to keep on doing that as we move along in the tournament.”

Of all the star coaching appointments, Becker’s was undoubtedly the most surprising when he signed up with world No.1 Djokovic.

The six-time major winner – including the 1989 US Open – enjoyed a lucrative media career when he agreed to work alongside Marian Vajda, who has handled the Serb since his teenage years.

“He believes in my game,” said Djokovic who faces Nishikori in his semi-final on Saturday looking to reach the US Open final for a fifth successive year.

Becker said that he sees similarities between himself and Djokovic, both equally extrovert on and off the court.

“I see in Novak a little bit of Boris Becker,” he said.

“I see him against Rafael Nadal and Roger Federer and he doesn’t always get a fair deal from the crowd. I live with Novak. Whenever he makes a mistake I feel that I make it too.”

Ivanisevic started working with Cilic in November 2013 just as the young Croat was returning to the tour after serving a doping ban.

Together, they reached the quarter-finals of Wimbledon and now a first-time spot in the US Open semi-finals.

“The main part that is coming from Goran to me and what I feel in this relationship is big confidence,” said Cilic, who made the last-four by knocking out sixth-seeded Czech Tomad Berdych.

Chang has been with Nishikori since December and has his own little bit of history at the US Open – in 1987, aged 15, he became the youngest man to win a match at the tournament.

Nishikori, the first Japanese man since 1918 to make the semi-finals, has a 1-1 record against Djokovic and Chang believes that there’s no reason why the 24-year-old can’t take a second win.

“Absolutely. He’s beaten Novak before. There’s no reason why he’s not able to do it again. Come Saturday, I think it’s going to be a great match,” Chang told the New York Post.

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Spartak enjoy long-awaited home comforts in Red Star draw

Spartak, 12-times Soviet champions and nine-times Russian title winners, had never before in their 92-year existence had a ground of their own until new owner Leonid Fedun got the 15 billion rouble (248.

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64 million pound) project underway in 2007.

“When building the stadium, we looked for help from our colleagues in England,” Fedun, chairman of oil giant Lukoil, said. “Now the only problem we have is paying the taxes on such a large structure.”

Russian minister for sport Vitaly Mutko’s address to the 42,000-capacity crowd was drowned out by whistles, while President Vladimir Putin did not attend, having visited the stadium last week.

“The most modern sports stadium has opened today in Moscow,” Mutko said. “There will be a few improvements ahead of the 2018 World Cup, but everything is practically ready.”

Dynamo Kiev were initially invited to play the inaugural match but the Ukrainian club rejected the invitation due to the civil war raging on its eastern borders against pro-Russia separatists.

With Russia head coach Fabio Capello watching, Spartak captain Dmitry Kombarov scored for the hosts and Luca Jovic netted for the Serbian side.

The first official match at the stadium will be Spartak’s Sept. 14 Russian Premier League derby against Torpedo Moscow.

The stadium will host Confederations Cup matches in 2017 and, after having its capacity increased to 45,000, it will stage World Cup finals matches in 2018.

It was the second new stadium to be completed for the World Cup finals in the last two months after the Kazan Arena.

(Reporting by Dmitriy Rogovitskiy, editing by Rex Gowar)

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Iranian asylum seeker Hamid Khazayi dies after life support switched off

The government has confirmed 24-year-old Hamid Khazayi has died after being transferred from the Manus Island detention centre to a Brisbane hospital for treatment.

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Mr Khazayi was taken from the centre after a cut on his foot became infected, and he developed severe septicaemia.

Septicaemia occurs when disease-causing bacteria overwhelms the bloodstream.

He was declared ‘brain dead’ earlier in the week, and this afternoon, his family gave permission for life-support to be switched off, Immigration Minister Scott Morrison said.

“An Imam was present at the time of death and the Government of Iran will be informed,” Mr Morrison said in a statement.

“I am very saddened by this man’s passing and on behalf of the Australian Government I extend our deepest sympathy to the man’s family and friends.”

“My department has and will continue to provide support to the family and has been in contact with family members during the course of the man’s treatment.”

Earlier, Mr Morrison had rejected suggestions Mr Khazayi had recieved inadequate care and said people in mainland and offshore detention centres recieved outstanding medical care.

“Our focus in care has been on this young man from the moment he presented to medical officers at Manus Island,” he said.

The man’s family has reportedly offered his organs for transplant and Mr Morrison said that was up to them.

The Immigration Department says a full report is being compiled by the department’s chief medical officer.

Refugee advocates had earlier accused the government of medical neglect in the case of Mr Khazayi.

“Hamid is a victim of the shocking conditions and medical neglect on Manus Island. It is inexcusable that he developed septicaemia on Manus Island,” Ian Rintoul, spokesperson for the Refugee Action Coalition, said on Wednesday.

“There are scores of infections on Manus Island, and many complaints of the lack of medical attention. Asylum seekers on Manus Island are often forced to walk through raw sewage.”

– With AAP

 

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UN tells Australia and East Timor to resolve spy row

The UN’s highest court has postponed a hearing in a bitter spy row between Australia and East Timor after both countries said they were pursuing an “amicable settlement.

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East Timor has dragged Canberra to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague to seek the return of sensitive documents seized by Australia in a raid on an East Timor lawyer’s office in the capital.

The documents relate to a controversial oil and gas treaty between the two countries which East Timor wants torn up.

“The ICJ decided to grant the parties’ request to postpone the oral proceedings in the case,” it said in a statement on Friday.

Lawyers were to argue their cases at the hearing’s opening, set for September 17 before the ICJ, which rules in disputes between countries.

But in a joint letter dated Monday, both Dili and Canberra asked for a postponement “in order to enable them to seek an amicable settlement,” the court said.

ICJ judges in an interim ruling in March ordered Canberra to stop interfering with East Timor’s dealings with its lawyer and to ensure that the content of the seized documents be put under seal.

East Timor opened a case against Australia last December following a raid on the Canberra offices of Bernard Collaery, in which electronic and paper documents were seized.

East Timor contended that the seizure violated its sovereignty and rights “under international and any relevant domestic law.”

At the heart of the David and Goliath dispute is the treaty signed in 2006 between Dili and its southern neighbour, four years after East Timor’s independence from Indonesia.

Australia allegedly used an aid program as cover to bug East Timor’s cabinet offices so it could listen in on discussions about the treaty.

East Timor accused Australia of spying to gain a commercial advantage during 2004 negotiations over the Timor Sea gas treaty, called the Certain Maritime Arrangements in the Timor Sea, or CMATS, which covers a vast gas field between the two nations.

East Timor now wants the treaty scrapped.

The two states are currently involved in a separate, behind-closed-doors case on the issue before the Permanent Court of Arbitration, which is in the same building as the ICJ.

The ICJ did not give a postponement date.

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US rallies Western powers to defeat IS

US President Barack Obama says he’s confident he can gather a broad international coalition to defeat Islamic State extremists in Iraq and Syria, following two days of talks at the NATO summit.

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“I leave here confident that NATO allies and partners are prepared to join in a broad, international coalition,” Obama said on Friday after a meeting of the Western military alliance in Wales.

Following the beheading of two US journalists by the Islamic State, which has overrun swathes of northern Iraq and Syria, Obama said there was “unanimity” among NATO members that the group “poses a significant threat”.

Obama cautioned that “it’s not going to happen overnight”, but “we’re going to achieve our goal.

“We’re going to degrade and ultimately defeat ISIL (IS’s previous name) the same way we’ve gone after al-Qaeda,” he said.

US Secretary of State John Kerry will travel to the Middle East to seek support of regional powers, Obama said, insisting that Arab involvement was “absolutely critical”.

The president added: “Our hope is the Iraqi government is actually formed and finalised next week. That, then, allows us to work with them on a broader strategy.”

Kerry on Friday co-chaired with Britain a meeting of ministers from Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Poland and Turkey in a bid to win support for the fight against IS.

IS caught the world by surprise when it made huge territorial gains and declared an Islamic “caliphate” in an area straddling Iraq and Syria.

The US has conducted more than 100 air strikes in northern Iraq in recent weeks, allowing Kurdish and Iraqi forces to regain ground lost to the jihadists.

Other countries have provided humanitarian assistance and intelligence, while Germany and France are providing military equipment to Kurdish fighters battling IS in northern Iraq.

Australia has assisted with airdrops of humanitarian aid and military equipment.

Kerry stressed Friday that there would be “no boots on the ground” in the US strategy against IS, but added that “there are many ways in which we can train, advise, assist, and equip”.

He urged allies to consider how they could contribute so the US could have a plan at the UN General Assembly meeting later this month.

European allies, while supportive of the US initiative, are proceeding with caution.

Britain has left the door open to air strikes in Iraq, but Prime Minister David Cameron played down the prospect of any immediate action.

“This will take time, patience and resolve,” he told reporters at the end of the summit.

“We will proceed carefully and methodically, drawing together the partners we need, above all in the region, to implement a comprehensive plan.”

President Francois Hollande said France was ready to join a coalition against IS militants in Iraq, but warned it would not commit to actions in Syria that might aid President Bashar al-Assad.

German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier stressed the effort was at an early stage.

“We are at the beginning in dealing with a group which nobody has a strategy to deal with in the long run,” he told reporters.

NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said the military alliance was willing to help if there was a request from Baghdad, likely providing training and coordination with other countries’ efforts against IS.

“I think the international community has an obligation to do all it can to stop this dangerous terrorist organisation.”

Pressure to act has intensified since the executions by IS of two US journalists in videos showing a militant speaking in British English and threats that a British hostage would be next.

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